Carborane Guests for Cucurbit[7]uril Facilitate Strong Binding and on Demand Removal

24 August 2020, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


High affinity guest have been reported for the macrocyclic host cucurbit[7]uril (CB[7]), enabling widespread applications, but preventing CB[7] materials from being returned to their guest-free state for reuse. Here we present polyhedral boron clusters (carboranes) as strongly-binding, yet easily removable, guests for CB[7]. Aided by a Pd-catalyzed coupling of an azide anion, we prepared boron-functionalized 9-amino and 9-ammonium modified ortho-carboranes that bind to CB[7] with a Ka=1010 M-1. Upon treatment with base, the ortho-carboranes readily undergo deboronation to yield anionic nido-carborane, a poor guest of CB[7], facilitating recovery of guest-free CB[7]. We showcase the utility of the modified ortho-carborane guest by recycling a CB[7]-functionalized resin. With this report, we introduce stimuli-responsive decomplexation as an additional consideration in the design of high affinity host-guest complexes.


Cucurbit[7]uril, carborane, host-guest chemistry, recycling, reuse, pull-down


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.