Catalysis

Mukaiyama Aldol Reaction Catalyzed by (Benz)imidazolium-Based Halogen Bond Donors

Stefan Huber Ruhr-University Bochum

Abstract

A series of cationic monodentate and bidentate iodo(benz)­imidazolium-based halogen bond (XB) donors were employed as catalysts in a Mukaiyama aldol reaction. While 5 mol% of a monodentate variant showed noticeable activity, a syn-preorganized bidentate XB donor provided a strong performance even with 0.5 mol% loading. In contrast to the very active BArF4 salts, PF6 or OTf salts were either inactive or showed background reaction. Repetition experiments clearly ruled out a potential hidden catalysis by elemental iodine and demonstrated the stability of our catalyst over three consecutive cycles.

Content

Thumbnail image of Manuscript.pdf
download asset Manuscript.pdf 0.69 MB [opens in a new tab]

Supplementary material

Thumbnail image of SI.pdf
download asset SI.pdf 0.91 MB [opens in a new tab]
SI