Mukaiyama Aldol Reaction Catalyzed by (Benz)imidazolium-Based Halogen Bond Donors

19 August 2020, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


A series of cationic monodentate and bidentate iodo(benz)­imidazolium-based halogen bond (XB) donors were employed as catalysts in a Mukaiyama aldol reaction. While 5 mol% of a monodentate variant showed noticeable activity, a syn-preorganized bidentate XB donor provided a strong performance even with 0.5 mol% loading. In contrast to the very active BArF4 salts, PF6 or OTf salts were either inactive or showed background reaction. Repetition experiments clearly ruled out a potential hidden catalysis by elemental iodine and demonstrated the stability of our catalyst over three consecutive cycles.


Mukaiyama Aldol Reactions
halogen bonding
supramolecular chemistry
Noncovalent Interactions

Supplementary materials



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