Discovery of Halogenated Benzothiadiazine Derivatives with Anticancer Activity

25 June 2020, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Mitochondrial respiratory complex II (CII), also known as succinate dehydrogenase, plays a critical role in mitochondrial metabolism. Known but low potency CII inhibitors are selectively cytotoxic to cancer cells including the benzothiadiazine-based anti-hypoglycemic diazoxide. Herein, we study the structure-activity relationship of benzothiadiazine derivatives for CII inhibition for the first time. A number of more potent derivatives were identified. Cytotoxicity evaluation of the novel derivatives resulted in the identification of compounds with greater anticancer effect than the parent; two benzothiadiazine derivative classes (24a-d and 30a, 30c, 30d) that possess activity to reduce the cell viability of 22Rv1 prostate cancer cells and five novel 7-fluorobenzothiadiazine derivatives which possessed significant cytotoxicity in a cellular model of triple negative breast cancer. No correlation between cytotoxicity and CII inhibition was found, indicating an as yet undefined mechanism of action of this scaffold.


Mitochondrial Subunit II
Prostate Cancer
Triple Negative Breast Cancer

Supplementary materials

Benzothiadiazine SI FINAL


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.