Pd/FER vs Pd/SSZ-13 Passive NOx Adsorbers: Adsorbate-controlled Location of Atomically Dispersed Pd(II) in FER Determines High Activity and Stability

04 June 2020, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Pd-loaded FER and SSZ-13 zeolites as low-temperature passive NOx adsorbers (PNA) are compared under practically relevant conditions. Vehicle cold-start exposes the material to CO under a range of concentrations, necessitating a systematic exploration of the effect of CO on the performance of isolated Pd ions for PNA. NO release temperature of both adsorbers decreases gradually with the increase of CO concentration from a few hundred to a few thousand ppm. This beneficial effect results from local nano-“hot spots” formation during CO oxidation. Dissimilar to Pd/SSZ-13, increasing the CO concentration above ~1,000 ppm improves the NOx storage significantly for Pd/FER, attributed to the presence of a Pd ions in FER γ-site that is shielded from NOx. CO mobilizes this Pd atom to the NOx accessible position where it becomes active for PNA. This behavior explains the very high resistance of Pd/FER to hydrothermal aging: Pd/FER materials survive hydrothermal aging at 800⁰C in 10% H2O vapor for 16 hours with no deterioration in NOx uptake/release behavior. Thus, by allocating Pd ions to the specific microporous pockets in FER, we have produced very hydrothermally stable and active PNA materials with immediate practical applications.


Atomically dispersed palladium Pd in zeolite
Pd/SSZ-13 and Pd/FER
Passive NOx adsorpber
CO oxidation
Low temperature passive NOx adsorber (PNA)
In-situ FTIR and in-situ EPR studies on Pd/zeolite


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.