Optimized Synthesis of 7-Aza-Indazoles by Diels–Alder Cascade and Associated Process Safety

16 April 2020, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Although pyrimidines are not among the most reac-tive partners in intramolecular inverse-electron de-mand [4πs+2πs] reactions with alkynes, they could be activated under mild and practical conditions, leading to fused nitrogen-containing heterocycles. We report an optimized synthesis of a 5-iodo-7-aza-indazole by a one-pot Diels–Alder cascade that starts from a pyrimidine substituted in the 2-position by an (alkynyl)hydrazone. The safety of the process was carefully studied by DSC studies. Eventually, a selection of cross-coupling reactions of 17 was studied and allowed the introduction of carbon- and nitrogen-based nucleophiles at the C5-position in good to excellent yields.


Hetero-Diels-Alder reaction
Process Chemistry
Safety evaluation
DSC studies
Cross-Coupling Reactions

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information-v11


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.