Copper-Catalyzed Direct Alkylation of Perfluoroarenes with Hydrocarbons

26 December 2019, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Construction of carbon–carbon bonds is one of the most essential tools in chemical synthesis. In the previously established cross-coupling reactions, pre-functionalized starting materials are employed usually in the form of arylor alkyl (pseudo)halides or their metallated derivatives. However, direct use of arenes and alkanes via a twofold oxidative C–H bond activation strategy to access chemoselective C(sp2 )‒C(sp3 ) cross-couplings is highly challenging due to the low reactivity of carbon–hydrogen (C–H) bonds and the difficulty in suppressing side reactions such as homocouplings. Herein, we present a copper-catalyzed cross-dehydrogenative coupling of perfluoroarenes with alkanes. Mechanistic information was obtained by combining experimental and computational studies to suggest that the optimal diketimine copper catalyst system plays a dual role to activate both sp3 and sp2 C‒H bonds.


Direct C–H alkylation
Copper Catalysis


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