High-Entropy Alloys as Catalysts for the CO2 and CO Reduction Reactions

20 September 2019, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Using the high-entropy alloys (HEAs) CoCuGaNiZn and AgAuCuPdPt as starting points we provide a framework for tuning the composition of disordered multi-metallic alloys to control the selectivity and activity of the reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) to highly reduced compounds. By combining density functional theory (DFT) with supervised machine learning we predicted the CO and hydrogen (H) adsorption energies of all surface sites on the (111) surface of the two HEAs. This allowed an optimization for the HEA compositions with increased likelihood for sites with weak hydrogen adsorption{to suppress the formation of molecular hydrogen (H2) and with strong CO adsorption to favor the reduction of CO. This led to the discovery of several disordered alloy catalyst candidates for which selectivity towards highly reduced carbon compounds is expected, as well as insights into the rational design of disordered alloy catalysts for the CO2 and CO reduction reaction.


CO2 reduction reaction
CO reduction reaction
High-entropy alloys
multicomponent alloys
complex solid solutions
Rational Design
adsorption energy predictions


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