BAND NN: A Deep Learning Framework For Energy Prediction and Geometry Optimization of Organic Small Molecules

06 September 2019, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Recent advances in artificial intelligence along with development of large datasets of energies calculated using quantum mechanical (QM)/density functional theory (DFT) methods have enabled prediction of accurate molecular energies at reasonably low computational cost. However, machine learning models that have been reported so far requires the atomic positions obtained from geometry optimizations using high level QM/DFT methods as input in order to predict the energies, and do not allow for geometry optimization. In this paper, a transferable and molecule-size independent machine learning model (BAND NN) based on a chemically intuitive representation inspired by molecular mechanics force fields is presented. The model predicts the atomization energies of equilibrium and non-equilibrium structures as sum of energy contributions from bonds (B), angles (A), nonbonds (N) and dihedrals (D) at remarkable accuracy. The robustness of the proposed model is further validated by calculations that span over the conformational, configurational and reaction space. The transferability of this model on systems larger than the ones in the dataset is demonstrated by performing calculations on select large molecules. Importantly, employing the BAND NN model, it is possible to perform geometry optimizations starting from non-equilibrium structures along with predicting their energies.


Deep learning
geometry optimization
potential energy surface
artificial neural network
atomization energy
machine learning force field
conformational analysis
artificial intelligence


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.