Rh(III)-Catalyzed Coupling of N-Chloroimines with α-Diazo-α-Phosphonoacetates for Skeleton-Oriented Synthesis of 2H-Isoindoles

18 July 2019, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


A major hurdle for realizing the full potential of transition metalcatalyzed, directed C-H functionalization synthesis of heterocycles is the blockingof ability for designated structural elaboration by the reactivity-assisting groupderived, unintended appendages. We communicate herein Rh(III)-catalyzed coupling of N-chloroimines with α-diazo-α-phosphonoacetates for skeletonoriented synthesis (SOS) of 2H-Isoindoles. Comprehensive mechanistic studies with rhodacycle intermediates support an associative covalent relay mechanism for this first reported N-chloroimine-directed C-H functionalization reaction. Theinitial dechlorination/dephosphonation under Rh(III) catalysis and subsequent deesterification under Ni(II) catalysis allow the complete elimination of unintended appendages and full exposure of reactivity for C3 and N2 ring atoms. The proofof - concept utility has been demonstrated with electrophilic substitution at the C3 site (formylation, azo derivatization) and nucleophilic reaction (methylation) at the N2 site, showcasing the enormous synthetic potential of SOS for attaching structurally unrelated appendages and enabling entry to distinct chemical space.


skeleton-oriented synthesis
C-H activation
rhodium catalysis


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