Rising Importance of Organosulfur Species for Aerosol Properties and Future Air Quality

21 January 2019, Version 1


Acid-driven multiphase chemistry of isoprene epoxydiols (IEPOX), a key isoprene oxidation product, with inorganic sulfate aerosol yields substantial amounts of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) through the formation of organosulfur. The extent and implications of inorganic-to-organic sulfate conversion, however, are unknown. Herein, we reveal that extensive consumption of inorganic sulfate occurs, which increases with the IEPOX-to-inorganic sulfate ratio (IEPOX:Sulfinorg), as determined by laboratory and field measurements. We further demonstrate that organosulfur greatly modifies critical aerosol properties, such as acidity, morphology, viscosity, and phase state. These new mechanistic insights reveal that changes in SO2 emissions, especially in isoprene-dominated environments, will significantly alter biogenic SOA physicochemical properties. Consequently, IEPOX:Sulfinorg will play a central role in understanding historical climate and determining future impacts of biogenic SOA on global climate and air quality.


Secondary Organic Aerosols
Laboratory Studies
Field Measurements
Detailed Chemical Analysis
Organosulfur Compounds
Inorganic Sulfate
Isoprene Epoxydiols
Aerosol Phase State
Aerosol Acidity
mass spectrometry

Supplementary materials

Organosulfur 2019 SI


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.