Enzymatic Modification of N-Terminal Proline Residues Using Phenol Derivatives

01 October 2018, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


A convenient enzymatic strategyis reported for the modification of proline residues in the N-terminal positions of proteins. Using a tyrosinase enzyme isolated from Agaricus bisporus(abTYR), phenols and catechols are oxidized to highly reactive o-quinone intermediates that then couple to N-terminal proline residues in high yield. Key advantages of this bioconjugation method include (1) the use of air-stable precursors that can be prepared on large scale if needed, (2) mild reaction conditions, including low temperatures, (3) the targeting of native functional groups that can be introduced readily on most proteins, and (4) the use of molecular oxygen as the sole oxidant. This coupling strategy was successfully demonstrated for the attachment of a variety of phenol-derivatized cargo molecules to a series of protein substrates, including self-assembled viral capsids, enzymes, and a chitin binding domain (CBD). The ability of the CBD to bind to the surfaces of yeast cells was found to be unperturbed by this modification reaction.


protein modification
oxidative coupling
chitin binding domain

Supplementary materials

SI. Maza. ChemRxiv


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.