Determinants of Substrate Specificity in APOBEC3B

04 May 2018, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


APOBEC3B (A3B) is a newly discovered driver of mutation in many cancers. We use computational tools to revert a recent crystal structure of an A3B construct to its native sequence, and run molecular dynamics simulations to study its underlying dynamics and substrate recognition mechanisms. The A3B-oligonucleotide substrate simulations show a series of dynamic substrate-protein contacts that correlate with previous work on A3B substrate selectivity. A second series of simulations in which the target cytosine nucleotide was computationally mutated from a deoxyribose to a ribose showed a change in sugar ring pucker, leading to a rearrangement of the binding site and revealing a potential intermediate in the binding pathway. Finally, apo simulations of A3B beginning in the open state experience a rapid and consistent closure of the binding site, reaching a conformation incompatible with substrate binding. These simulations agree with previous experimental studies, and we report the atomistic details of these events to further therapeutic studies on A3B.


protein-DNA recognition
Molecular Dynamics Simulation Studies


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.