in Silico Docking and Molecular Dynamic Simulation of 3-Dehydroquinate Dehydratase from Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Through Virtual Screening and Pharmacokinetics Studies

2020-06-19T06:11:38Z (GMT) by Mustafa Alhaji Isa Muhammad M Ibrahim
The 3-hydroquinate synthase (DHQase) is an enzyme that catalyzes the third step of the shikimate pathway in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), by converting 3-dehydroquinate into 3-dehydroshikimate. In this study, the novel inhibitors of DHQase from MTB was identified using in silico approach. The crystal structure of DHQase bound to 1,3,4-trihydroxy-5-(3-phenoxypropyl)-cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid (CA) obtained from the Protein Data Bank (PDB ID: 3N76). The structure prepared through energy minimization and structure optimization. A total of 9699 compounds obtained from Zinc and PubChem databases capable of binding to DHQase and subjected to virtual screening through Lipinski’s rule of five and molecular docking analysis. Eight (8) compounds with good binding energies, ranged between ─8.99 to ─8.39kcal/mol were selected, better than the binding energy of ─4.93kcal/mol for CA and further filtered for pharmacokinetic properties (Absorption, Distribution, Metabolism, Excretion, and Toxicity or ADMET). Five compounds (ZINC14981770, ZINC14741224, ZINC14743698, ZINC13165465, and ZINC8442077) which had desirable pharmacokinetic properties selected for molecular dynamic (MD) simulation and molecular generalized born surface area (MM-GBSA) analyses. The results of the analyses showed that all the compounds formed stable and rigid complexes after the 50ns MD simulation and also had a lower binding as compared to CA. Therefore, these compounds considered as good inhibitors of MTB after in vitro and in vivo validation.”