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Xenon Trioxide Adducts of O-Donor Ligands; [(CH3)2CO]3XeO3, [(CH3)2SO]3(XeO3)2, (C5H5NO)3(XeO3)2, and [(C6H5)3PO]2XeO3

submitted on 15.09.2018 and posted on 18.09.2018 by Katherine Marczenko, James Goettel, Gary Schrobilgen
Oxygen coordination to the Xe(VI) atom of XeO3 was observed in its adducts with triphenylphosphine oxide, dimethylsulfoxide, pyridine-N-oxide, and acetone. The crystalline adducts were characterized by low-temperature, single-crystal X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. Unlike solid XeO3, which detonates when mechanically or thermally shocked, the solid [(C6H5)3PO]2XeO3, [(CH3)2SO]3(XeO3)2, and (C5H5NO)3(XeO3)2 adducts are insensitive to mechanical shock, but undergo rapid deflagration when ignited by a flame. Both [(C6H5)3PO]2XeO3 and (C5H5NO)3(XeO3)2 are air-stable whereas [(CH3)2SO]3(XeO3)2 slowly decomposes over several days and [(CH3)2CO]3XeO3 undergoes adduct dissociation at room temperature. The xenon coordination sphere of [(C6H5)3PO]2XeO3 is a distorted square pyramid which provides the first example of a five-coordinate XeO3 adduct. The xenon coordination spheres of the remaining adducts are distorted octahedra comprised of three Xe---O secondary contacts that are approximately trans to the primary Xe–O bonds of XeO3. Quantum-chemical calculations were used to assess the Xe---O adduct bonds, which are predominantly electrostatic σ-hole bonds between the nucleophilic oxygen atoms of the bases and the σ-holes of the xenon atoms.


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McMaster University



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