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Utilization of Biowaste-derived Catalyst for Biodiesel Production: Process Optimization Using Response Surface Methodology and Particle Swarm Optimization Method

preprint
submitted on 26.10.2020, 15:17 and posted on 28.10.2020, 05:34 by Ikbal Bahar Laskar, Tuhin Deshmukhya, Aayushi Biswas, Bappi Paul, Bishwajit Changmai, Rajat Gupta, Sushovan Chatterjee, Samuel Lalthazuala Rokhum
In this experimental and optimization study, banana (Musa acuminata) flower petals ash has been considered as an effective catalyst in the room temperature (28 °C) assisted transesterification to produce biodiesel from waste cooking oil (WCO). The transformation of Musa acuminata flower petals to ash catalyst has been performed by simple conventional open-air burning process. Three important parameters (catalyst concentration, methanol/oil (M/O) molar ratio and time) that play significant role in conversion of WCO to waste cooking methyl ester (WCME) were investigated. In order to maximize the conversion rate these key transesterification parameters were optimized using central composite rotatable design (CCRD) of response surface methodology (RSM). A metaheuristic algorithm popularly known as Particle swarm algorithm (PSO) has been used to observe a clear picture of the global optimum points scattered around the search domain. PSO has also been used to validate the results obtained from CCRD. The chemical composition and morphology of ash catalyst has been investigated using several analytical techniques such as X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transformation Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-Ray Fluorescence Spectroscopy (XRF), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Thermal Gravimetric Analysis (TGA), Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM) and Hammett Indicator method. It was observed that the catalyst remained active till 4th reaction cycle. The catalyst’s reusability, renewability and robust activity in the reaction makes it efficient, economic, green and industrially applicable.

Funding

SERB

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

rokhum@che.nits.ac.in

Institution

NIT Silchar

Country

India

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0001-8820-569X

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

None

Exports