Universal Battery Performance and Degradation Model for Electric Aircraft

In this work, we generate a battery performance and thermal dataset specific to eVTOL use-cases and develop a fast and accurate performance and degradation model around that dataset. We use a machine-learning based physics-informed battery performance model to break the typically observed accuracy-computing cost trade-off. We fit the aging parameters for each cycle in a given cell's lifetime, and then model the evolution of those parameters using a new approach that combines traditional physics-based models, consisting of SEI film growth, charge loss, and Li Plating, along with a neural network in a universal ordinary differential equations (u-ODEs) framework.