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Pd zeolite July 2019 final.pdf (1.48 MB)

The Superior Hydrothermal Stability of Pd/SSZ-39 in Low Temperature Passive NOx Adsorption (PNA) and Methane Combustion

submitted on 07.02.2020, 06:24 and posted on 07.02.2020, 12:55 by Konstantin Khivantsev, Nicholas R. Jaegers, Libor Kovarik, Meng Wang, Jian Zhi Hu, Yong Wang, Miroslaw A. Derewinski, János Szanyi
We successfully synthesized uniform SSZ-39 with an average crystal size of about a micron. Pd (0.7 - 3 wt%) was supported on SSZ-39 with Si/Al ratio ~12. The as-synthesized materials were characterized by FTIR, XRD, Helium Ion Microscopy, HAADF-STEM imaging, 27Al, 29Si and H solid state NMR spectroscopic techniques.
FTIR studies with CO and NO probe molecules reveal that the 0.7 wt% Pd/SSZ-39 material with Si/Al ~12 has the majority of Pd dispersed atomically as isolated Pd(II) and Pd(II)-OH centers, and thus can be used as a low-temperature passive NOx adsorber. Pd(II)-NO, Pd(II)(OH)(NO) and Pd(II)(CO)(NO) complexes form during PNA in this material. We compare this PNA material directly with the Pd/SSZ-13 system (with Si/Al ratio ~12) and show its superior hydrothermal stability. Remarkably, Pd/SSZ-39 with Si/Al ratio ~12 survives hydrothermal aging up to 815 ºC in 10% H2O/Air vapor for 16 hours without significant loss in activity. The SSZ-39 crystal structure remains intact during hydrothermal aging up to 1,000 ºC as we elucidate it with XRD and HAADF-STEM imaging/EDS mapping. However, changes to the framework during such harsh hydrothermal treatment significantly change the NOx release profiles during PNA as evidenced by high-field 27Al NMR on fresh and aged Pd/SSZ-39 samples as well as PNA performance measurements.
Besides PNA application, these hydrothermally very stable materials (3 wt% Pd on SSZ-39 with Si/Al ratio ~12) can be used as a robust methane combustion catalyst under industrially relevant conditions (GHSV~600,000hr-1). This catalyst shows minimal deactivation after both harsh hydrothermal aging at 750 and 800 ºC, and prolonged time on stream (105 hrs) at 425 ⁰C. In contrast, both 3wt% Pd/alumina and 3wt% SSZ-13 supported samples lose a significant portion of their activity.


U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Biosciences, and Geosciences Catalysis Program (DE-AC05-RL01830, FW-47319) ;U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Program;Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL), a national scientific user facility sponsored by the Department of Energy’s Office of Biological and Environmental Research at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL);the US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences (Project Number 66628);PNNL is a multi-program national laboratory operated for the DOE by Battelle Memorial Institute under Contract DE-AC06-76RL01830;Materials Synthesis and Simulation Across Scales (MS3) Initiative conducted under the Laboratory Directed Research & Development Program at PNNL


Email Address of Submitting Author


Pacific Northwest National Laboratory


United States

ORCID For Submitting Author


Declaration of Conflict of Interest

KK, MAD, JSz, NRJ, LK, YW, MW filed for a patent.

Version Notes

Version 1.0