These are preliminary reports that have not been peer-reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive, guide clinical practice/health-related behavior, or be reported in news media as established information. For more information, please see our FAQs.
Manucsript.pdf (860.93 kB)

The Crystal Structure of Zineb, 75 years later

submitted on 17.09.2019, 13:09 and posted on 23.09.2019, 14:58 by Jonathan B Lefton, Kyle B Pekar, Tomce Runcevski
Ethylene bis(dithiocarbamates) (EBDTCs) have been used as staple fungicides for over 75 years. The first industrially manufactured EBDTC was zineb, zinc ethylene bis(dithiocarbamate), marketed under the tradename Dithane. Even though zineb has been used as a fungicide since the 1940s, its crystal structure remained unknown. Herein, we describe the crystal structure of zineb (triclinic crystal system, space group P–1, a = 7.5094(9) Å, b = 9.4356(9) Å, c = 7.4120(7) Å, α = 107.945(8) °, β = 100.989(7) °, γ = 105.365(8) °, V = 460.07(10) Å3). The inorganic fragment of the structure consists of two Zn2+ cations, coordinated by the thiocarbamate group. There are four Zn–S bonds with lengths in the range of 2.325 – 2.426 Å, and one rather long Zn–S contact of 2.925(8) Å. Inorganic fragments are linked by organic EBDTC ligands to form extended, polymeric layers. The layers are packed in a ABAB manner, related by the inversion symmetry and held together by hydrogen bonding network. In this article, in addition to describing the crystal structure, we correlate the structural features with the vibrational spectroscopic and thermal characteristics of zineb, and we provide a short summary of the major developments of fungicides in the 20th century


Welch Foundation


Email Address of Submitting Author


Southern Methodist University



ORCID For Submitting Author


Declaration of Conflict of Interest


Version Notes

first submission


Read the published paper

in Crystal Growth & Design