ChemRxiv
These are preliminary reports that have not been peer-reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive, guide clinical practice/health-related behavior, or be reported in news media as established information. For more information, please see our FAQs.
Urease Inhibitor-manuscript-V1-AH.docx (6.87 MB)

Synergistic Effect of Urease and Nitrification Inhibitors in the Reduction of Ammonia Volatilization

preprint
submitted on 12.02.2021, 22:21 and posted on 16.02.2021, 12:28 by Asim Hussain,, Zara Jabeen, Nadia Afsheen, Hamza Rafiq, Zill e Huma, Khalil Ur Rahman, Muhammad Naeem, Abu Hazafa

Nitrogen (N) is deficient in more than 90% of soils of Pakistan mainly because of low organic matter contents. The use of nitrogenous fertilizers is a common practice for sustainable and profitable crop yields. A significant portion of added fertilizers is lost through volatilization, leaching, and denitrification. Low use efficiency of these fertilizers in our climate is a serious concern because of high costs and environmental issues. The present study evaluated the novel synergistic effect of urease and nitrification inhibitors such as ammonium thiosulfate (ATS) and 2-Chloro-6-(trichloromethyl)pyridine (Nitrapyrin) to reduce the urea hydrolysis in the soil of Faisalabad, Gujranwala, and Sheikhupura to manage the ammonia as well as N loss. Three different combinations such as A1, A2, and A3 of both inhibitors were prepared with different ratios of 1:1, 0.25:0.75, 0.75:0.25, respectively. Results showed that the minimum urea hydrolysis of about 2.41, 2.79, and 4.68 IU/g soil with A1 combination after 4th-day observation with the rate of 0.50% concentration for Faisalabad, Gujranwala, and Sheikhupura, respectively. In addition, results showed the better urease activity at a pH value of 6.50, incubation time of 30 min, and temperature of 37 ℃ for all A1, A2, and A3 combinations with 0.50% concentration. Moreover, inhibitors treated urea showed the plant maximum height of 111, 101, and 101 cm, and root length of 15, 11, and 5 cm, number of tillers of 14, 16, and 19 per panicle, and number of spikes of 37, 21 and 38 per panicle with A1, A2, and A3 combination at 0.50% dose respectively in Faisalabad soil. Overall, it is concluded that 0.50% inhibitor concentration showed the much impressive urease inhibition results followed by 0.25 and 0.10%. However, the application of inhibitors was a good practice to reduce the N loss from soil.

Funding

None

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

abuhuzaifavirk@gmail.com

Institution

University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan

Country

Pakistan

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0002-5118-9419

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

No

Licence

Exports