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Single Crystal of a One-dimensional Covalent Organic Framework

submitted on 12.01.2020, 15:58 and posted on 13.01.2020, 21:53 by Haisen Xu, Yi Luo, Xing Li, Pei Zhen See, Zhongxin Chen, Tianqiong Ma, Lin Liang, Kai Leng, Ibrahim Abdelwahab, Lin Wang, Runlai Li, Xiangyan Shi, Yi Zhou, Xiu Fang Lu, Xiaoxu Zhao, Cuibo Liu, Junliang Sun, Kian Ping Loh
Although polymers have been studied for well over a century, there are few examples of covalently linked polymer crystals synthesized directly from solution. One-dimensional (1D) covalent polymers that are packed into a framework structure can be viewed as a 1D covalent organic framework (COF), but making single crystal of this has been elusive. Herein, by combining labile metal coordination and dynamic covalent chemistry, we discovered a strategy to synthesize single-crystal metallo-COF under solvothermal conditions. The single-crystal structure was rigorously solved using single-crystal electron diffraction (SCED) technique. The non-centrosymmetric metallo-COF allows second harmonic generation (SHG). Due to the presence of syntactic pendant amine groups along the polymer chains, the metallopolymer crystal can be further cross-linked into a crystalline woven network.



National Natural Science Foundation of China

Swedish Research Council


Email Address of Submitting Author


Department of Chemistry, National University of Singapore



ORCID For Submitting Author


Declaration of Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no competing interests.