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Relation Between Local Structure, Electric Dipole and Charge Carrier Dynamics in DHICA Melanin, a Model for Biocompatible Semiconductors

preprint
submitted on 05.12.2019 and posted on 13.12.2019 by Micaela Matta, Alessandro Pezzella, Alessandro Troisi

Eumelanins are a family of natural and synthetic pigments obtained by oxidative polymerization of their natural precursors: 5,6 dihydroxyindole and its 2-carboxy derivative (DHICA). The simultaneous presence of ionic and electronic charge carriers makes these pigments promising materials for applications in bioelectronics. In this computational study we build a structural model of DHICA melanin considering the interplay between its many degrees of freedom, then we examine the electronic structure of representative oligomers. We find that a non-vanishing dipole along the polymer chain sets this system apart from conventional polymer semiconductors, determining its electronic structure, reactivity toward oxidation and localization of the charge carriers. Our work sheds light on previously unnoticed features of DHICA melanin that not only fit well with its radical scavenging and photoprotective properties, but open new perspectives towards understanding and tuning charge transport in this class of materials.

Funding

Newton International Fellowships 2018 – NIF\R1\181379

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

micaela.matta@liverpool.ac.uk

Institution

University of Liverpool

Country

United Kingdom

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0002-9852-3154

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no competing financial interests.

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