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Radical-Scavenging and UV-Radiation Absorption Activities of Aaptamine Derivatives: DFT and TD-DFT Studies
preprintsubmitted on 27.04.2021, 07:55 and posted on 28.04.2021, 07:15 by Thi Hoai Nam Doan, Thi Le Anh Nguyen, Nguyen Thi Ai Nhung, Duong Tuan Quang, Duy Quang Dao
Antioxidant and UV absorption activities of three aaptamine derivatives including piperidine[3,2-b]demethyl(oxy)aaptamine (C1), 9-amino-2-ethoxy-8-methoxy-3H-benzo[de][1,6]naphthyridine-3-one (C2), and 2-(sec-butyl)-7,8-dimethoxybenzo[de]imidazo[4,5,1-ij][1,6]-naphthyridin-10(9H)-one (C3) were theoretically studied by density functional theory (DFT). Optimized geometries of C1C3 and theirs intrinsic thermochemical properties such as bond dissociation energy, proton affinity, and ionization potential were calculated at DFT/M05-2X/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory in vacuo and in water. The results show that C1C3 exhibited similar potent antioxidant activities, which are comparable to well-known antioxidants such as Trolox or cembrene. The radical scavenging activity of the antioxidants were then investigated by evaluation the Gibbs free energy (ΔrG0) of the reaction between C1C3 and the HOO●/HO● radicals via four mechanisms, including: hydrogen atom transfer (HAT), single electron transfer (SET), proton loss (PL) and radical adduct formation (RAF). Kinetic calculation reveals that HOO● scavenging in water is occurred via HAT mechanism with C1@C19 while RAF is more dominant with C2 and C3. Antioxidant activity of aaptamine derivatives can be classified as C1 > C3 > C2. In addition, all compounds are active in UV-Vis absorption; the excitations of which are determined as π-π* transition. Overall, the results suggest the potential applications of the aaptamines in pharmaceutics and cosmetics, i.e. as sunscreen and antioxidant ingredient