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Quantum Surface Control of Trapped Bose-Einstein-Condensates
preprintsubmitted on 23.04.2021, 17:07 and posted on 28.04.2021, 04:36 by Quan-Fang Wang
In this work, quantum control of trapped Bose-Einstein-Condensates (BEC) is considered at matter surface. For particles at BEC status, quantum system is described by Gross-Pitaevskii equation, experimental control of BEC is happened at physics field, and achieved at laboratory. At theoretic aspect, control of trapped condensates is not sufficiently investigated at academic level. What we interest is applying control theory to BEC trapped on the surface (metallic, crystal). At optical lattice, particles are trapping by constrained forces at cooling technique, and temporally take the same quantum states, such kind of condensates phenomena had already been surveyed at a variety of areas. The most works are reported on free BEC particles, quite natural question is arising on the surface science: BEC particles created,detected, and placed on a certain chemical surface, control of trapped particles is difference or not? We are curious about optical and mechanical constraints take action together on particles. In the viewpoint of quantum control realm, our purpose is to apply optimal control theory (OCT) to trapped Bose-Einstein-Condensates as they are occurred at surface. In the framework of variational theory at complex Hilbert spaces, prove the existence of quantum optimal control, and characterize optimal control using optimality (Euler-Lagrange) system. Control variables for trapped BEC contain three functions: one is electro-magnetic force; another is external constraint from optical equipment (optical frequency, lattice number); third is quantum mechanics against gravitational force, which making BEC particles stay at surface stationary. Review the literatures, electro-magnetic-optical controls are extremely considered at last couple of years. Gravitational control is rarely considered. Further extension of the work is to do real-time computer-aided BEC control at matter surface. Computational approach for simulation of BEC control at two and three dimensions would be a promise direction.