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submitted on 12.08.2019 and posted on 13.08.2019by Vishal Singh, Parbati Biswas
Protein aggregation is investigated theoretically via protein turnover, misfolding, aggregation and degradation. The Mean First Passage Time (MFPT) of aggregation is evaluated within the framework of Chemical Master Equation (CME) and pseudo first order kinetics with appropriate boundary conditions. The rate constants of aggregation of different proteins are calculated from the inverse MFPT, which show an excellent match with the experimentally reported rate constants and those extracted from the ThT/ThS fluorescence data. Protein aggregation is found to be practically independent of the number of contacts and the critical number of misfolded contacts. The age of appearance of aggregation-related diseases is obtained from the survival probability and the MFPT results, which matches with those reported in the literature. The calculated survival probability is in good agreement with the only available clinical data for Parkinson’s disease.