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Phase-Plane Geometries in Coupled Enzyme Assays

preprint
submitted on 25.02.2018 and posted on 26.02.2018 by Justin Eilertsen, Wylie Stroberg, Santiago Schnell
The determination of a substrate or enzyme activity by coupling of one enzymatic reaction with another easily detectable (indicator) reaction is a common practice in the biochemical sciences. The dynamical behavior of couple enzyme catalyzed assays is studied by analysis in the phase plane. Usually, the kinetics of enzyme reactions is simplified with singular perturbation analysis to derive rate or time course expressions valid under the quasi-steady-state and reactant stationary state assumptions. In this paper, we analyze two types of time-dependent slow manifolds that occur in asymptotically autonomous vector fields that arise from enzyme coupled assays. We show that the motion of the slow manifolds relative to the motion of the solution must be taken into account in order to formulate accurate leading order asymptotic solutions. We also develop a rigorous mathematical framework from which to analyze enzyme catalyzed indicator reaction from couple enzyme assays.

Funding

This work is partially supported by the University of Michigan Protein Folding Diseases Initiative, and Beilstein-Institut zur Forderung der Chemischen Wissenschaften through its Beilstein Enzymology Symposia. WS is a fellow of the Michigan IRACDA program (NIH/NIGMS grant: K12 GM111725).

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

schnells@umich.edu

Email Address(es) for Other Author(s)

jueilert@umich.edu stroberg@umich.edu

Institution

University of Michigan Medical School

Country

USA

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0002-9477-3914

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

No conflict of interest

Licence

Exports