Nucleation and Structural Identification in Gold Particles of High Aspect Ratios Developed through Mechanistic Approach

2020-03-25T08:40:30Z (GMT) by Mubarak Ali I-Nan Lin

A structural identification in different geometrical shapes of gold particles is being discussed here. Nucleation mechanisms of different particles having geometrical shapes are presented here, which have never been reported before. Dimensional regularity in developed particles gives a new insight. At electronically flat solution surface, two different zones have been found developing tiny-shaped particles in less elongation of atoms and more elongation of atoms. Tiny-shaped particles in less elongation of atoms nucleate particles of one-dimensional (1D) shapes as they developed in the regions covering mainly zone of solution surface belonging to rearward side of north-pole. Tiny-shaped particles in more elongation of atoms nucleate multi-dimensional (MD) shapes as they developed in the regions covering mainly zone of solution surface belonging to east-west poles. To assemble at a common point forming at the centre of concave meniscus, structures of smooth elements deal with exertion of force in immersing manner at electronically decreasing level solution surface. A force exerting in immersing manner is related to the simultaneous action of four forces to a structure of smooth element coming to assemble. In addition to the orientation of an electron and the position of the atom on solution surface, manner of energy knot clamping electron in an atom also varies exertion of force for it. Particles of geometrical shapes show different structures in their 1D and MD shapes. By identification of a structure, a mechanism of photon reversion is disclosed. In the selected area patterns of particles, experimental proof of printing spots of reverted force in photons reflected from different electronic structures of elongated atoms validates that photons are not necessarily carried by the electrons.