These are preliminary reports that have not been peer-reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive, guide clinical practice/health-related behavior, or be reported in news media as established information. For more information, please see our FAQs.
New light on old fingermarks_preprint.pdf (6.99 MB)

New Light on Old Fingermarks: The Detection of Historic Latent Fingermarks on Old Paper Documents Using 1,2-Indanedione/zinc

submitted on 17.09.2020, 10:15 and posted on 17.09.2020, 13:35 by Jemmy T. Bouzin, Jason Merendino, Stephen M. Bleay, Georgina Sauzier, Simon W. Lewis
This study explores trends in the effectiveness of 1,2-indandione/zinc chloride (IND/Zn) for visualizing latent fingermarks on paper substrates of various ages. Preliminary investigation of contemporaneous documents showed that high quality fingermarks could be deposited through incidental handling, although smudging and overlapping were evident. IND/Zn was then applied to incidentally handled documents up to 80 years old and successfully developed potentially identifiable fingermarks, significantly increasing the established timescale for fingermark detection with amino acid sensitive reagents. The results indicate that IND/Zn remains effective over longer periods than has been previously demonstrated, although a comparison between documents of different ages suggest that progressive diffusion of the target amino acids occurs over time, affecting the proportion of potentially identifiable marks.The findings of this study reinforce the applicability of IND/Zn for the detection of historic latent fingermarks on old paper documents.


Seychelles Government Postgraduate Scholarship (Jemmy T. Bouzin


Email Address of Submitting Author


Curtin University



ORCID For Submitting Author


Declaration of Conflict of Interest

No conflict of interest

Version Notes

Version 1: Original submission