Modeling Magnetic Interactions in High-Valent Trinuclear [Mn(IV)3O4]^4+ Complexes Through Highly Compressed Multi-Configurational Wave Functions
In this work we apply a quantum chemical framework, recently designed in our laboratories, to rationalize the low-energy electronic spectrum and the magnetic properties of an homo-valent trinuclear [Mn(IV)3 O4]4+ model of the oxygen-evolving center in photosystem II. The method is based on chemically motivated molecular orbital unitary transformations, and the optimization of spin-adapted many-body wave functions, both for ground- and excited-states, in the transformed MO basis. In this basis, the configuration interaction Hamiltonian matrix of exchange-coupled multi-center clusters is extremely sparse and characterized by a unique block diagonal structure. This property leads to highly compressed wave functions (oligo- or single-reference) and crucially enables state-specific optimizations. The reduced multi-reference character of the wave function greatly simplifies the interpretation of the ground- and excited-state electronic structures, and provides a route for the direct rationalization of magnetic interactions in these compounds, often considered a challenge in polynuclear transition-metal chemistry.