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Methyl Radical Initiated Kharasch and Related Reactions

preprint
submitted on 20.08.2020 and posted on 20.08.2020 by Nicholas Tappin, Philippe Renaud
An improved procedure to run halogen atom and related chalcogen group transfer radical additions is reported. The procedure relies on the thermal decomposition of di-tert-butylhyponitrite (DTBHN), a safer alternative to the explosive diacetyl peroxide, to produce highly reactive methyl radicals that can initiate the chain process. This mode of initiation generates byproducts that are either gaseous (N2) or volatile (acetone and methyl halide) thereby facilitating greatly product purification by either flash column chromatography or distillation. In addition, remarkably simple and mild reaction conditions (refluxing EtOAc during 30 minutes under normal atmosphere) and a low excess of the radical precursor reagent (2.0 equivalents) make this protocol particularly attractive for preparative synthetic applications. This initiation procedure has been demonstrated with a broad scope since it works efficiently to add a range of electrophilic radicals generated from iodides, bromides, selenides and xanthates over a range of unactivated terminal alkenes. A diverse set of radical trap substrates exemplifies a broad functional group tolerance. Finally, di-tert-butyl peroxyoxalate (DTBPO) is also demonstrated as alternative source of tert-butoxyl radicals to initiate these reactions under identical conditions which gives gaseous byproducts (CO2).

Funding

Swiss National Science Foundation (grant 200020_172621)

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

philippe.renaud@dcb.unibe.ch

Institution

University of Bern

Country

Switzerland

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0002-9069-7109

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

No conflict of interest

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