These are preliminary reports that have not been peer-reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive, guide clinical practice/health-related behavior, or be reported in news media as established information. For more information, please see our FAQs.
5 files

Light-Activatable, 2,5-Disubstituted Tetrazoles for the Proteome-Wide Profiling of Aspartates and Glutamates in Living Bacteria

submitted on 11.12.2019, 09:36 and posted on 18.12.2019, 11:05 by Kathrin Bach, Bert L. H. Beerkens, Patrick R. A. Zanon, Stephan M. Hacker
Covalent inhibitors have recently seen a resurgence of interest in drug development. Nevertheless, compounds, that do not rely on an enzymatic activity, have almost exclusively been developed to target cysteines. Expanding the scope to other amino acids would be largely facilitated by the ability to globally monitor their engagement by covalent inhibitors. Here, we present the use of light-activatable 2,5-disubstituted tetrazoles that allow quantifying 8971 aspartates and glutamates in the bacterial proteome with excellent selectivity. Using these probes, we competitively map the binding sites of two isoxazolium salts and introduce hydrazonyl chlorides as a new class of carboxylic acid-directed covalent protein ligands. As the probes are unreactive prior to activation, they allow global profiling even in living Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. Taken together, this method to monitor aspartates and glutamates proteome-wide will lay the foundation to efficiently develop covalent inhibitors targeting these amino acids


Liebig Fellowship by the Fonds der Chemischen Industrie

Ph.D. fellowship by the Fonds der Chemischen Industrie

TUM Junior Fellow Fund


Email Address of Submitting Author


Technical University of Munich



ORCID For Submitting Author


Declaration of Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.