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Ligand Redox Non-Innocence in [Coᴵᴵᴵ(TAML)]0/‒ Complexes Affects Nitrene Formation
preprintsubmitted on 28.10.2019, 14:10 and posted on 30.10.2019, 21:16 by Nicolaas P. van Leest, Martijn A. Tepaske, Jean-Pierre H. Oudsen, Bas Venderbosch, Niels R. Rietdijk, Maxime A. Siegler, Moniek Tromp, Jarl Ivar van der Vlugt, Bas de Bruin
The redox non-innocence of the TAML scaffold in cobalt-TAML (Tetra-Amido Macrocyclic Ligand) complexes has been under debate since 2006. In this work we demonstrate with a variety of spectroscopic measurements that the TAML backbone in the anionic complex [CoIII(TAMLred)]- is truly redox non-innocent, and that one-electron oxidation affords [CoIII(TAMLsq)]. Multi-reference (CASSCF) calculations show that the electronic structure of [CoIII(TAMLsq)] is best described as an intermediate spin (S = 1) cobalt(III) center that is antiferromagnetically coupled to a ligand-centered radical, affording an overall doublet (S = ½) ground-state. Reaction of the cobalt(III)-TAML complexes with PhINNs as a nitrene precursor leads to TAML-centered oxidation, and produces nitrene radical complexes without oxidation of the metal ion. The ligand redox state (TAMLred or TAMLsq) determines whether mono- or bis-nitrene radical complexes are formed. Reaction of [CoIII(TAMLsq)] or [CoIII(TAMLred)]- with PhINNs results in formation of [CoIII(TAMLq)(N•Ns)] and [CoIII(TAMLq)(N•Ns)2]-, respectively. Herein, ligand-to-substrate single-electron transfer results in one-electron reduced Fischer-type nitrene radicals (N•Ns-) that are intermediates in catalytic nitrene transfer to styrene. These nitrene radical species were characterized by EPR, XANES, and UV-Vis spectroscopy, high resolution mass spectrometry, magnetic moment measurements and supporting CASSCF calculations.