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Improving UV Curing in Lignin-Containing Photopolymers for Stereolithography by Chemical Reduction and Acetylation
Preprints are manuscripts made publicly available before they have been submitted for formal peer review and publication. They might contain new research findings or data. Preprints can be a draft or final version of an author's research but must not have been accepted for publication at the time of submission.
submitted on 13.11.2019 and posted on 25.11.2019by Jordan T. Sutton, Kalavathy Rajan, David P. Harper, Stephen Chmely
Despite recent successes incorporating lignin into photoactive resins, lignin photo-properties can be detrimental to its application in UV-curable photopolymers, especially to customized, engineered resins for use in stereolithography printing. We report on chemical modification techniques employed to reduce UV absorption in lignin and the resulting mechanical, thermal, and cure properties in these lignin-containing materials. Pine lignin was modified using acetylation and reduction reactions and incorporated into a printable resin formulation. Modified lignin displayed enhanced printing properties because UV absorption at the 3D printable range was reduced in all acylated lignin from 25% up to greater than 60%. Resins made with the modified lignin showed increased stiffness and strength with lower thermal stability. Investigating these techniques is an important step in developing lignin for use in UV-curing applications and furthers the effort to valorize lignin toward commercial use.