Human Neuraminidases Have Reduced Activity Towards Modified Sialic Acids on Glycoproteins

This work investigated the substrate specificity of hNEU enzymes for a glycoprotein substrate (bovine submaxillary mucin) containing 9-O-acetylated and Neu5Gc residues. Using this model substrate, we observe a general trend for hNEU tolerance of Neu5Ac>Neu5Gc>>>Neu5,9Ac2, consistent with our previous results with glycolipid substrates. These results expand our understanding of hNEU enzyme specificity and suggest that naturally occurring modifications of sialic acids can play a role in regulating hNEU activity.