How a Second Mg2+ Ion Affects the Phosphoryl Transfer Mechanism in a Protein Kinase: A Computational Study

In this contribution, the phosphoryl transfer reaction in CDK2 has been studied in detail considering the presence of an additional Mg2+ ion in the active site. For this purpose, QM/MM (quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics) free energy calculations with the adaptive string method were performed, which showed that indeed the system containing two Mg2+ ions exhibits a lower activation free energy, corroborating the experimental observations.