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Highly Selective Ultrafast Circularly Polarized Photodiodes Based on π-Conjugated Polymers

preprint
submitted on 16.04.2021, 18:45 and posted on 19.04.2021, 10:11 by Matthew Ward, Jess Wade, Xingyuan Shi, Jenny Nelson, Alasdair Campbell, Matthew Fuchter
Chiral π-conjugated molecular systems that are intrinsically sensitive to the handedness of circularly polarized (CP) light potentially allow for miniaturized, low-cost CP detection devices. Such devices promise to transform several technologies, including biosensing, quantum optics and communication of data encrypted by exploiting the spin angular momentum of light. Here we realize a simple, bilayer organic photodiode (CP OPD) comprising an achiral π-conjugated polymer–chiral additive blend as the electron donor layer and an achiral C60 electron acceptor layer. These devices exhibit considerable photocurrent dissymmetry gph, with absolute values as high as 0.85 and dark currents as low as 10 pA. Impressively, they showcase a linear dynamic range of 80 dB, and rise and fall times of 50 and 270 ns respectively, which significantly outperforms all previously reported CP selective photodetectors. Mechanistically, we show that the gph is sensitive to the thickness of both the chiral donor and achiral acceptor layers and that a trade-off exists between the external quantum efficiency (EQE) and gph. The fast-switching speeds of these devices, coupled with their large dynamic range and highly selective response to CP light, opens up the possibility of their direct application in CP sensing and optical communication.

Funding

EPSRC Centre for Doctoral Training in Plastic Electronic Materials

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

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FUNCTION THROUGH CHIRALITY IN ORGANIC ELECTRONIC MATERIALS AND DEVICES

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

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Imperial College London NPIF 2018

Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

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European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation program (grant 742708, CAPaCITy)

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

m.fuchter@imperial.ac.uk

Institution

Imperial College London

Country

United Kingdom

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0002-1767-7072

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

A. Campbell and M. Fuchter are inventors on a patent concerning chiral blend materials (WO2014016611)

Exports