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Folding in Place: Design of β-Strap Motifs to Stabilize the Folding of Hairpins with Long Loops

preprint
submitted on 03.09.2020 and posted on 04.09.2020 by Alexis Richaud, Guangkuan zhao, Stephane Roche, Samir Hobloss
Despite their pivotal role in protein function and antibody binding affinity, β-hairpins bearing long non-canonical loops are a challenge to modern synthesis because of the large entropic penalty associated with their folding. Little is known about the contribution and impact of stabilizing motifs on the folding of β-hairpins of variable length and plasticity. Here we report a direct comparison between these b-straps thermodynamics and their thermal stability behavior using several local spectroscopic probes of the folding/unfolding landscape. The judicious cooperative interactions crafted in β-Strap RW(VW)•••(WV/H)WE (strap = strand + cap) greatly stabilized hairpins with up to 10-residue loops lacking an innate nucleating-turn locus (Tm up to 52 oC; 88 ± 1% folded at 291 K). The present design of novel β-straps aims to provide the foundation to study new classes of long hairpins and ultimately offer an attractive alternative to macrocyclic peptides for the mimicry of functional loops from proteins and antibodies.

Funding

Flexible Rigidity in Peptide Drug Design for Protein-Protein Interaction Inhibitors

National Institute of General Medical Sciences

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History

Email Address of Submitting Author

sroche2@fau.edu

Institution

Florida Atlantic University

Country

USA

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0002-3019-2168

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

No conflict of interest

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