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Etching and Polymerization Reactions of Alkoxythiophenes in HKUST-1: Choosing Between Filled and Core-Shell Composite Structures
preprintsubmitted on 12.02.2021, 23:04 and posted on 16.02.2021, 12:31 by William James, Colette M. Sullivan, Nicholas Marshall
In an earlier report, we found that neat 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene (EDOT) directly reacts with HKUST-1 to form a core-shell composite in which the HKUST-1 surface is coated with conjugated polymer, while unsubstituted thiophenes formed a filled composite where polythiophene is contained in the MOF's pores. In this work, we found that EDOT and 3-methoxythiophene (3MOT), which react in the neat form to form core-shell composites, can be loaded into HKUST-1 pores without reaction when dissolved in hexanes. To a lesser extent, 3-hexyloxythiophene (3HOT) can be loaded in the same way. These hexane-loaded composites can then be heated, resulting in the formation of a 'filled' composite. This finding allows us to choose to prepare either a core-shell or a filled composite by selecting reaction conditions. The process of heating with alkoxythiophenes results in a morphology change in the HKUST-1 material. Composites were characterized by nitrogen sorption measurements, powder X-ray diffraction, and vibrational spectroscopy.