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PDI-Re FINAL (paper+supporting).pdf (7.41 MB)
Electron-Reservoir Effect on a Perylene Diimide Tethered Rhenium Bipyridine Complex for CO2 Reduction
Preprints are manuscripts made publicly available before they have been submitted for formal peer review and publication. They might contain new research findings or data. Preprints can be a draft or final version of an author's research but must not have been accepted for publication at the time of submission.
submitted on 30.10.2020, 21:00 and posted on 02.11.2020, 10:04by Josh D. B. Koenig, Zachary Dubrawski, Keerthan Rao, Janina Willkomm, Benjamin
S. Gelfand, Chad Risko, Warren Piers, Gregory C. Welch
Here we report on a molecular catalyst with a built-in electron-reservoir for enhanced CO2 conversion. The synthesis and characterization of this N-annulated perylene diimide (PDI) photosensitized Re(bpy) supramolecular dyad [Re(bpy-TAz-PDI)], as well as successful electro- and photocatalytic CO2-to-CO conversion, are detailed herein. Upon electrochemical reduction in the presence of CO2 and a proton source, Re(bpy-TAz-PDI) exhibited significant current enhancement, where the onset of electrocatalytic CO2 reduction for Re(bpy-TAz-PDI) occurred at a much less negative potential than standard Re(bpy) complexes. At an applied potential of -1.8 V vs. Fc+/0, 400 mV lower than the benchmark Re(dmbpy) catalyst, Re(bpy-TAz-PDI) was able to achieve the same catalytic activity (TONco = 24) and Faradaic efficiency (FE = 92 %) during controlled potential electrolysis (CPE) experiments. Through a combination of UV-visible-nearIR spectroelectrochemistry (SEC), FTIR SEC, and chemical reduction experiments, it was shown that the PDI-moiety served as an electron-reservoir for Re(bpy), thereby allowing catalytic activity at lower overpotentials. Density functional theory (DFT) studies probing the optimized geometries, frontier molecular orbitals, and spin-densities of various catalytic intermediates revealed that the geometric configuration of PDI, relative to the Re(bpy)-moiety, plays a critical role in accessing electrons from the electron-reservoir. The near identical performance of Re(bpy-TAz-PDI) at lower overpotentials relative to the benchmark Re(dmbpy) catalyst highlights the utility of organic chromophore electron-reservoirs as a method for lowering the required overpotential for CO2 conversion.