Electrochemical-Coupled Vibrational Spectromicroscopy Recognize Conductive Islands in Topological Redox Surface

We introduce a set up to observe real time changes in the electronic states of polymeric islands by monitoring the redox states of polyaniline using electrochemical-coupled vibrational spectromicroscopy (EVSM). Unique 2D and 3D chemical maps reveal electrochemical heterogeneity, showing promising topological properties controls.