EOM-CC Guide for Fock-Space Travel: The C2 Edition

Despite their small size, C2 species pose a big challenge to electronic structure owing to extensive electronic degeneracies and multi-configurational wave functions leading to a dense manifold of electronic states. We present detailed electronic structure calculations of C2, C2-, and C22- emphasizing spectroscopically relevant properties. We employ double ionization potential (DIP) and ionization potential (IP) variants of equation-of-motion coupled-cluster method with single and double substitutions (EOM-CCSD) and a dianionic reference state. We show that EOM-CCSD is capable of describing multiple interacting states in C2 and C2- in an accurate, robust, and effective way. We also characterize the electronic structure of C22-, which is metastable with respect to electron detachment.