ChemRxiv
These are preliminary reports that have not been peer-reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive, guide clinical practice/health-related behavior, or be reported in news media as established information. For more information, please see our FAQs.
1/1
0/0

Dynamic Structural Changes Accompany the Production of 2-Dihydroxypropanesulfonate by Sulfolactaldehyde Reductase

preprint
revised on 16.10.2019 and posted on 22.10.2019 by Mahima Sharma, Palika Abayakoon, James P. Lingford, Yi Jin, Ruwan Epa, Ethan D. Goddard-Borger, Gideon J. Davies, Spencer Williams
2,3-Dihydroxypropanesulfonate (DHPS) is a major sulfur species in the biosphere. One important route for the production of DHPS includes sulfoglycolytic catabolism of sulfoquinovose (SQ) through the Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas (sulfo-EMP) pathway. SQ is a sulfonated carbohydrate present in plant and cyanobacterial sulfolipids (sulfoquinovosyl diacylglyceride and its metabolites) and is biosynthesised globally at a rate of around 10 billion tonnes per annum. The final step in the bacterial sulfo-EMP pathway involves reduction of sulfolactaldehyde (SLA) to DHPS, catalysed by an NADH-dependent SLA reductase. On the basis of conserved sequence motifs, we assign SLA reductase to the β-hydroxyacid dehydrogenase (β-HAD) family, making it the first example of a β-HAD enzyme that acts on a sulfonic acid, rather than a carboxylic acid substrate. We report crystal structures of the SLA reductase YihU from E. coli K-12 in its apo and cofactor-bound states, as well as the ternary complex YihU•NADH•DHPS with the cofactor and product bound in the active site. Conformational flexibility observed in these structures, combined with kinetic studies, confirm a sequential mechanism and provide evidence for dynamic domain movements that occur during catalysis. The ternary complex structure reveals a conserved sulfonate pocket in SLA reductase that recognises the sulfonate oxygens through hydrogen bonding to Asn174, Ser178, and the backbone amide of Arg123, along with an ordered water molecule. This triad of residues distinguishes these enzymes from classical β-HADs that act on carboxylate substrates. A comparison of YihU crystal structures with close structural homologues within the β-HAD family highlights key differences in the overall domain organization and identifies a unique peptide sequence that is predictive of SLA reductase activity.

Funding

Australian Research Council (DP180101957)

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

sjwill@unimelb.edu.au

Institution

University of Melbourne

Country

Australia

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0001-6341-4364

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

No conflict of interest

Version Notes

Version 1.1

Exports