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Screening_Paper_Momin_ChemArchiv.pdf (15.13 MB)

Design of Metal-Organic Framework Templated Materials using High-Throughput Computational Screening

revised on 02.09.2020, 07:42 and posted on 02.09.2020, 11:51 by Manuel Tsotsalas, Alexander Schug, Momin Ahmad, Christof Wöll, Yi Luo

The ability to crosslink Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) has recently been discovered as a flexible approach towards synthesizing MOF-templated “ideal network polymers”. Crosslinking MOFs with rigid cross-linkers would allow the synthesis of crystalline Covalent-Organic Frameworks (COFs) of so far unprecedented flexibility in network topologies, far exceeding the conventional direct COF synthesis approach. However, to date only flexible cross-linkers were used in the MOF crosslinking approach, since a rigid cross-linker would require an ideal fit between the MOF structure and the cross-linker, which is experimentally extremely challenging, making in silico design mandatory. Here, we present an effective geometric method to find an ideal MOF cross-linker pair by employing a high-throughput screening approach. The algorithm considers distances, angles, and arbitrary rotations to optimally match the cross-linker inside the MOF structures. In a second, independent step, using Molecular Dynamics (MD) simulations we quantitatively confirmed all matches provided by the screening. Our approach thus provides a robust and powerful method to identify ideal MOF/Cross-linker combinations, which helped to identify several MOF-to-COF candidate structures by starting from suitable libraries. The algorithms presented here can be extended to other advanced network structures, such as mechanically interlocked materials or molecular weaving and knots


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