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Chem rxn of air and water to ammonia.pdf (3.27 MB)
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Chemical Transformation of Fe, Air & Water to Ammonia: Variation of Reaction Rate with Temperature, Pressure, Alkalinity and Iron

preprint
submitted on 30.07.2018 and posted on 31.07.2018 by Ping Peng, Fang-Fang Li, Xinye Liu, Jiawen Ren, jessica stuart, Matthew Lefler, Marcus Johnson, Juan Vicini, Stuart Licht
The rate of ammonia production by the chemical oxidation of iron, N2(from air or as pure nitrogen) and water is studied as a function of (1) iron particle size, (2) iron concentration, (3) temperature, (4) pressureand (5) concentration of the alkaline reaction medium. The reaction meduium consists of an aqueous solution of equal molal concentrations of NaOH and KOH (Na0.5K0.5OH). We had previously reported on the chemical reaction of iron and nitrogen in alkaline medium to ammonia as an intermediate step in the electrochemical synthesis of ammonia by a nano-sized iron oxide electrocatlyst. Here, the intermediate chemical reaction step is exclusively explored. The ammonia production rate increases with temperature (from 20 to 250°C), pressure (from 1 atm to 15 atm of air or N2), and exhibits a maximum rate at an electrolyte concentration of 8 molal Na0,5K0,5OH in a sealed N2reactor. 1-3 µm particle size Fe drive the highest observed ammonia production reaction rate. The Fe mass normalized rate of ammonia production increases with decreasing added mass of the Fe reactant reaching a maximum observed rate of 2.2x10-4mole of NH3h-1g-1for the reaction of 0.1 g of 1-3 µm Fe in 200°C 8 molal Na0.5K0.5OH at 15 atm. Under these conditions 5.1 wt% of the iron reacts to form NH3via the reaction N2+ 2Fe + 3H2O ®2NH3+ Fe2O3.

Funding

NSF grant 1505830

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

slicht@gwu.edu

Institution

George Washington University

Country

USA

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0002-8273-2875

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

no conflict of interest

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