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Chemical Tools for Study of Phosphohistidine: Generation of Selective τ-Phosphohistidine and π-Phosphohistidine Antibodies
preprintsubmitted on 23.09.2020, 10:40 and posted on 23.09.2020, 13:21 by Mehul Makwana, Cleide Dos Santos Souza, Barry T. Pickup, Mark J. Thompson, Santosh Kumar Lomada, Yushi Feng, Thomas Wieland, Richard F. W. Jackson, Richmond MUIMO
Non-hydrolysable stable analogues of τ-pHis and π-pHis have been designed using electrostatic surface potential calculations, and subsequently synthesized. The τ-pHis and π-pHis analogues (phosphopyrazole 8 and pyridyl amino amide 13, respectively) were used as haptens to generate pHis polyclonal antibodies. Both τ-pHis and π-pHis conjugates in the form of a BSA-glutaraldehyde-τ-pHis and BSA-glutaraldehyde-π-pHis were synthesized and characterized by 31P NMR spectroscopy. Commercially available τ-pHis (SC56-2) and π-pHis (SC1-1; SC50-3) monoclonal antibodies were used to show that the BSA-G-τ-pHis and BSA-G-π-pHis conjugates could be used to assess the selectivity of pHis antibodies in a competitive ELISA. Subsequently, the selectivity of the generated pHis antibodies generated using phosphopyrazole 8 and pyridyl amino amide 13 as haptens was assessed by competitive ELISA against His, pSer, pThr, pTyr, τ-pHis and π-pHis. Antibodies generated using the phosphopyrazole 8 as a hapten were found to be selective for τ-pHis, and antibodies generated using the pyridyl amino amide 13 were found to be selective for π-pHis. Both τ- and π-pHis antibodies were shown to be effective in immunological experiments, including ELISA, western blot, and immunofluorescence. The τ-pHis antibody was also shown to be useful in the immunoprecipitation of proteins containing pHis