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Ultrathin Carbon Nanosheets for Highly-efficient Capacitive K-ion and Zn-ion Storage

preprint
revised on 09.06.2020 and posted on 11.06.2020 by Yamin Zhang, Zhongpu Wang, Deping Li, Qing Sun, Kangrong Lai, kaikai Li, Qunhui Yuan, Xingjun Liu, Lijie Ci

Porous carbon has attracted extensive attentions as the electrode material for various energy storage devices considering its advantages like high theoretical capacitance/capacity, high conductivity, low cost and earth abundant inherence. However, there still exists some disadvantages limiting its further applications, such as the tedious fabrication process, limited metal-ion transport kinetics and undesired structure deformation at harsh electrochemical conditions. Herein, we report a facile strategy, with calcium gluconate firstly reported as the carbon source, to fabricate ultrathin porous carbon nanosheets. The as-prepared Ca-900 electrode delivers excellent K-ion storage performance including high reversible capacity (430.7 mAh g-1), superior rate capability (154.8 mAh g-1 at an ultrahigh current density of 5.0 A g-1) and ultra-stable long-term cycling stability (a high capacity retention ratio of ~81.2% after 4000 cycles at 1.0 A g-1). Similarly, when being applied in Zn-ion capacitors, the Ca-900 electrode also exhibits an ultra-stable cycling performance with ~90.9% capacity retention after 4000 cycles at 1.0 A g-1, illuminating the applicable potentials. Moreover, the origin of the fast and smooth metal-ion storage is also revealed by carefully designed consecutive CV measurements. Overall, considering the facile preparation strategy, unique structure, application flexibility and in-depth mechanism investigations, this work will deepen the fundamental understandings and boost the commercialization of high-efficient energy storage devices like potassium-ion/sodium-ion batteries, zinc-ion batteries/capacitors and aluminum-ion batteries.


Funding

High-level Talents' Discipline Construction Fund of Shandong University (Grant No. 31370089963078)

School Research Startup Expenses of Harbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen) (Grant No. DD29100027)

China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2019M661276)

Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation (Grant No. 2019A1515110756)

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

lideping@hit.edu.cn

Institution

Harbin Institute of Technology (Shenzhen)

Country

China

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0002-2116-5184

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

No

Version Notes

Completed version 2

Exports