COVID19 Approved Drug Repurposing: Pocket Similarity Approach
Preprints are manuscripts made publicly available before they have been submitted for formal peer review and publication. They might contain new research findings or data. Preprints can be a draft or final version of an author's research but must not have been accepted for publication at the time of submission.
SARS CoV 2 has spread worldwide and caused a major outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). To date, no licensed drug or a vaccine is available against COVID19.
Starting from all of the resolved SARS CoV2 crystal structures, this study aims to find inhibitors for all of the SARS CoV2 proteins. To achieve this, I used PocketMatch to test the similarity of approved drugs binding sites against all of the binding sites found on SARS CoV 2 proteins. After that docking was used to confirm the results.
I found drugs that inhibit the main protease, Nsp12 and Nsp3. The discovered drugs are either in clinical trials (Sildenafil, Lopinavir, Ritonavir) or have in vitro antiviral activity (Nelfinavir, Indinavir, Amprenavir, depiqulinum , Gemcitabine, Raltitrexed, Aprepitant, montelukast, Ouabain, Raloxifene) whether against SARS CoV 2 or other viruses. In addition to this, further analysis of pockets revealed a steroidal pocket that might open the door to hypotheses on why the mortality of men is higher than women.
Many of the in silico repurposing studies test binding of the compound to the target using docking. The significance of this study adds to the similarity between the drug binding site and the target binding site. This takes into consideration the dynamic behaviour of the pocket after ligand binding.