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Displacement Aptamer Paper.pdf (1.02 MB)
A Simple Displacement Aptamer Assay on Resistive Pulse Sensor for Small Molecule Detection
Preprints are manuscripts made publicly available before they have been submitted for formal peer review and publication. They might contain new research findings or data. Preprints can be a draft or final version of an author's research but must not have been accepted for publication at the time of submission.
A universal aptamer-based sensing strategy is proposed using DNA modified nanocarriers and Resistive Pulse Sensing for the rapid and label free detection of small molecules. The surface of a magnetic nanocarrier was first modified with a ssDNA aka linker which is designed to be partially complimentary in sequence to a ssDNA aptamer. The aptamer and linker form a stable dsDNA complex on the nanocarriers surface. Upon the addition of the target molecule, a conformational change takes place where the aptamer preferentially binds to the target over the linker; causing the aptamer to be released into solution. The RPS measures the change in velocity of the nanocarrier as its surface changes from dsDNA to ssDNA, and its velocity is used as a proxy for the concentration of the target. We illustrate the versatility of the assay by demonstrating the detection of the antibiotic Moxifloxacin, and chemotherapeutics Imatinib and Irinotecan.