A Partially-Planarised Hole-Transporting Quart-p-Phenylene for Perovskite Solar Cells

Herein, we describe the synthesis of a hole transporting material based on a partially planarised quart-p-phenylene core incorporating tetraketal and diphenylamine substituents that show optimal energy levels and solubility for perovskite solar cell applications. Triple-cation perovskite devices incorporating such quart-p-phenylene derivative show power-conversion efficiencies, short circuit currents, open circuit voltages, and fill factors that are comparable to those of spiro-OMeTAD.