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A Multiuse Nanopore Platform with Disposable Paper Analytical Device for the Detection of Heavy Meatal Ions

submitted on 25.09.2020 and posted on 28.09.2020 by Imogen Heaton, Mark Platt
The pollution of heavy metal ions within the environmental is a global problem. The rapid and precise removal of these contaminants can be aided by identifying and quantifying the composition of the sample. It is therefore crucial to develop effective portable analytical techniques to determine the levels of heavy metal contamination. Paper-based analytical devices (PADs) offer a low cost method making them an excellent platform for onsite environmental sensors. Here we demonstrate how a PAD can be integrated into a multi-use Nanopore platform. The PAD was functionalised with different recognition ligands, who’s surface charge densities varied in the presence of an analyte. The surface of the PAD was placed in contact with a Nanopore which exhibited Ion Current Rectification (ICR). The extent of ICR, was dependent upon the PAD’s surface charge, and the presence of the analyte of interest i.e. the ICR phenomena was exaggerated or diminished indicating the presence of the metal ion in solution. We demonstrate the potential of PAD-ICR using a PAD functionalised with a peptide aptamer specific for nickel ions. Allowing the detection of nickel(II) as low as 0.25 μM even in the presence of other metal ions. After any measurement, the Nanopore surface can be wiped clean, and reused.


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loughborough University



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Declaration of Conflict of Interest


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