These are preliminary reports that have not been peer-reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive, guide clinical practice/health-related behavior, or be reported in news media as established information. For more information, please see our FAQs.
Preprints are manuscripts made publicly available before they have been submitted for formal peer review and publication. They might contain new research findings or data. Preprints can be a draft or final version of an author's research but must not have been accepted for publication at the time of submission.
submitted on 17.08.2019 and posted on 19.08.2019by Zied Hosni, Bahoueddine Tangour, Sofiene Achour
A DFT study of hexene hydrogenation catalysed by the RuH(CO)(Cl)(PCy3)2 complex is presented. The investigation explores the feasibility of two different mechanisms: the first exploits a single phosphine complex and the second uses a two phosphines complex. The energy barriers involving a hydrogen transfer have a ten kcal.mol-1 higher than the one obtained through the single-phosphine mechanism. These results confirm the experimental hypothesis claiming that the departure of a phosphine is favourable at the beginning of the reaction which is the substitution of the catalyst model RuHCl(CO)(PMe3)2 by the real catalyst RuHCl(CO)(PCy3)2 shows no significant influence on the energetic barriers of hexene hydrogenation mechanism. The most important step of the mechanism is the kinetically determining step. The heterolytic cleavage of ruthenium-complexed H2 molecule leads to the generation of two Ru-H bonds and the oxidation of the ruthenium from Ru(II) to Ru(IV). The energy profile of this step is not relative to an elementary reaction because a shouldering is observed after the transition state. This results in an unusual gradient norm profile with five extrema. This is a direct consequence of the asynchronous nature of the different processes taking place during this step. In the case of the model complex RuHCl(CO)(IMes)(PMe3) with IMes = ( N , N '-bis( mesityl)imidazol-2-ylidene), an increase of the free enthalpy of activation is observed during the kinetically determining step, which is in agreement with the experimental work.